In recent times, we, the historians, notice certain disturbing trends; critical historical analysis or Ramayana and Shivaji who violently prescribed by right wing mobs. The Government failed to protect and promote the contribution on all of guaranteed freedom of expression, ‘spirit of inquiry’ and scientific temperament’. Concurrently vigorous efforts are made to ‘historify’ the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Historians are asked by the chairman of ICHR, to take pride in our past, not in the immediate past but in the remote past or Vedic past and we are advised to relate everything in the present to the Vedic past.
Under these circumstances a review of ‘Periyar’s views of Puranas and Itihasas would be very useful for the historical studies especially those dealing with social history of India. Periyar’s criticisms were focussed on a few facts that he derived through intense and indepth study of the Ithihasas and Puranas. He was an original thinker and honest researcher; His critical conclusions of these mythologies were based on this unhistorical nature, and the obnoxious values that the authors of these mythologies intended to impose on societies and the way in which through these mythologies the masses were abused for social exploitation.